The truth is that today 1 in 6 couples has trouble conceiving. In general, 1/3 of infertility issues are female, 1/3 male and 1/3 are unexplained.

A diagnosis of infertility challenges is given after a couple has been unsuccessful in their attempts to conceive for a year.

Female infertility is when the infertility challenges lie within the female.

Causes of Female Infertility:

  • Cervix Problems
  • Damaged reproductive system (fallopian tubes, uterus- PID, polyps, endometriosis, medical illnesses, infections, scar tissue and birth defects)
  • Ovulation (hormonal factors, cysts, weight, stress, menstrual cycles, drug & alcohol use)
Male infertility is when the infertility challenges lie within the males.
Causes of Male Infertility:
  • Abnormal sperm (abnormally developed testicles, inflammation of the testicles)
  • Low sperm count (diet & exercise, use of illicit drugs, alcohol use, genetic problems, infections)
  • Ejaculation problems (premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, retrograde ejaculation)
Other possible factors of infertility:
  • STD complications
  • Starting a family later in life
Fertility treatments can come in the form of:supplements, lifestyle changes, medicine and Assisted Reproduction Treatments (ART)
Common ART options:

  • ICI- intracervical insemination
  • ICSI- intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • IUI- intrauterine insemination
  • IVF, ET- invitro fertilization, embryo transfer
  • GIFT- gamete intrafallopian transfer
  • ZIFT- zygote intrafallopian transfer

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